IGT is the third tier in the Italian wine classification system, which stands for Indicazione Geografica Tipica (Typical Geographical Indication) - an IGT classed wine is ‘typical’ of a particular geography or local region. Most IGT wines are simple, made from grapes grown locally and intended to be enjoyed in their youth. You’ll find many IGT wines from Tuscany that are made from Sangiovese, a grape with a long history in the region. In general think of them as an approachable wine - well priced and suitable for everyday drinking with pasta dishes, pizza and bbq’s, but not something that is going age or to take on stronger courses.
But there are some exceptions to this, and the best example are Super Tuscan wines that are unique examples, and most are still classed at the IGT level, before they were in the Table Wine category.
The results of these wines have been varied. Some are the most expensive wines in Italy such as the famous Tignanello and Sassicaia from the Bolgheri region of Tuscany, but many are more affordable wines, a step up from table wines; good for every day drinking. An IGT wine will say IGT on the label, there are approximately 130 IGTs throughout Italy.
The IGT classification was brought in as part of the 1992 wine legislation which came to be known as the 'Goria Law' - after Giovanni Goria, the then Italian minister for agriculture. Its aim was to accommodate those wines which did not qualify for any of the quality wine designations DOCG & DOC, which are generally intended to protect traditional wines such as Chianti or Barolo. It is considered broadly equivalent to the French vin de pays designation.
IGT wines are listed by the specific region in which they were grown and the grape varietal used that make up 80% of that wine, in that order. This category allowed winemakers to branch out and try new ideas in new regions. They were given the freedom to create and experiment, which has spawned a whole new style of wines. Many international grape varietals are used, and often vinified in the ‘New World’ style of fruit-forward wines.